عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The aim of the current study was to investigate the different aspects of identity among the students of Tehran universities with a focus on the role of sexual differences. The statistical community included all the students who were studying at Tehran universities. The sample entailed 1000 persons that were selected by stratified random sampling. Religious, national identity scale and the revised questionnaires on identity style were the means of the study. Multiple- variance analysis of variance was applied for the analysis and interpretation of data. The findings of this study represented that the female group has achieved a higher scale in information, norms and commitment of identity in comparison to the male group. Whereas, the male group showed a higher mean in the sub-scale of diffuse/avoidance; the female group showed a higher mean in all the sub-scales of national and religious identity. On the whole, the present study revealed that all the sub-scales of identity in religious, psychological well-being, informative, normative and commitment aspects in female students are higher than male ones while, the diffuse and avoidance identity were higher in the male students. Generally, these findings proved psychological and social disorientation among the male students in comparison to the females. Since the male population (community) of the society is considered as more active and dynamic, this issue needs the serious consideration of those in charge.