رابطه عوامل مختلف انگیزشی با بی تصمیمی شغلی دانشجویان دانشگاه تبریز

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه تبریز

2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

بی تصمیمی شغلی یکی از مشکلات شایع در جوانان است. موقعی که یک شخص تصمیم قطعی برای انتخاب یک شغل نگرفته است، ما با بی تصمیمی شغلی مواجه هستیم. عوامل مختلف شخصیتی، رشدی، اجتماعی و انگیزشی بر بی تصمیمی شغلی موثر هستند.این پژوهش با هدف تعیین رابطه عوامل مختلف انگیزشی با بی تصمیمی شغلی دانشجویان انجام شد. برای این منظور 338 دانشجو به شیوه نمونه گیری خوشه ای چند مرحله ای از میان کلیه دانشجویان سال آخر دانشگاه تبریز انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه یونگ و مک گرومیک (2011) که شامل خرده مقیاس های بی انگیزشی شغلی، بی تصمیمی، تشخص طلبی، انتظار موفقیت، علاقه و لذت درونی شغل و تأثیر اجتماعی خانواده است، استفاده شد. داده های بدست آمده با استفاده از روش تحلیل مسیر و به کمک نرم افزار AMOS مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج بدست آمده نشان داد که بی تصمیمی شغلی به صورت مستقیم از طریق بی انگیزشی شغلی(682/0 = )و به صورت غیر مستقیم از طریق تشخص طلبی (097/0= )، انتظار موفقیت شغلی (200/0- = ) و علاقه و لذت درونی شغل (165/0- = ) پیش بینی می شود. یافته های دیگر پژوهش نشان داد 46% درصد بی تصمیمی شغلی دانشجویان از طریق بی انگیزگی شغلی، تشخص طلبی، انتظار موفقیت شغلی و علاقه و لذت درونی شغلی تبیین می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between various motivational factors and occupational indecision of Tabriz University students

نویسنده [English]

  • m y 2
چکیده [English]

Occupational indecision is one of the common problems in young people. When a person is not created a definite career choice we face with occupational indecision. Various factors, developmental, social, personality, and motivational influence occupational indecision.This study determined the relationship between various motivational factors and occupational indecision of students. In order of this research 338 students were selected by random cluster sampling method from senior students of Tabriz University. Data was gathered through Young and McCormick’ Questionnaire which including of Occupational Indecision, Occupational Amotivation, Recognition, Expectancy for Occupational Success, Occupational Interest/ Enjoyment , and Social (Family) Influence’ subscales. The method of data analysis was path analysis which was analyzed with Amos software. The results showed that occupational indecision was predicted directly by amotivation (β=0/682) and indirectly by recognition (β=0/090), expectancy for occupational success(β=-0/200), occupational interest/ enjoyment(β=-0/165). In addition, results showed that %46 of occupational indecision was explained by occupational amotivation, recognition, expectancy for occupational success, occupational interest/ enjoyment..

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "occupational decision-making"
  • "amotivation"
  • "recognition"
  • "expectancy for occupational success"
زمانی، غلامحسین (1381). معیار های انتخاب شغل از دیدگاه دانشجویان کشاورزی. مجله علوم کشاورزی ایران، 1، صص 87-81.
فیضی درگاه، لاله (1374). بررسی رشد هویت در دختران نوجوان با تأکید بر هویت شغلی در اواخر نوجوانی. پایان نامه کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه الزهرا.
Baker, S. R. (2003). A prospective longitudinal investigation of social problem-solving appraisals on adjustment to university, stress, health, and academic motivation and performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 569-591.
Battle, A., & Wigfield, A. (2003). College women’s value orientations toward family, career and graduate school. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 62, 56-75.
Creed, P. A., Doherty, F., & O’Callaghan, F. (2008). Job-seeking and job-acquisition in high school students. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73, 195-202.
Crites, J. O. (1969). Vocational psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (Eds.). (2002). Handbook of self-determination research. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
Donnay, D. A. C., & Borgen, F. H. (1999). The incremental validity of vocational self-efficacy: An examination of interest, self-efficacy, and occupation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46, 432–447.
Eccles, J., & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational beliefs, values, and goals. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, PP109-132.
Eccles, J. S. (2005). Subjective task values and the Eccles et al. model of achievement related choices. In: A. J. Elliott & C. S. Dweck (Eds), Handbook of competence and motivation (pp. 105–121). New York:
Elliot, A. J. (1999). Approach and avoidance motivation and achievement goals. Educational Psychologist, 34,PP 169-19.
Feldman, D. (2003). The antecedents and consequences of early career indecision among young adults. Human Resource Management Review, 13, PP 499–531.
Gati, I., Krausz, M., & Osipow, S. H. (1996). A taxonomy of difficulties in career decisionmaking. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43, 510-526.
Guay, F. & Vallerand, R. J. (1997). Social context, students’ motivation, and academic achievement: Toward a process model. Social Psychologyof Education, 1, PP 211–
Greenhaus, J. H., Callanan, G. A., & Kaplan, E. (1995). The role of goal setting in career management. International Journal of Career Management, 7, 3–12.
Hirschi, A.,  Niles, S., Akos, P. (2011). Engagement in adolescent career preparation: Social support, personality and the development of choice decidedness and congruence. Journal of Adolescence, 34,PP 173–182.
Kelly, K. R. & Lee, W. (2002). Mapping the domain of career decision problems. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61, 302-326.
Lee, F. K., Sheldon, K. M., & Turban, D. B. (2003). Personality and the goal striving process: The influence of achievement goal patterns, goal level, and mental focus on performance and enjoyment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 256-265.
Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (2000). Contextual supports and barriers to career choice. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 36–49.
Lopez, F. G., Ann-Yi, S. (2006). Predictors of Career Indecision in Three Racial/Ethnic Groups of College Women. Journal of Career Development, 33, 29-46.
Moody, R. C., & Pesut, D. J. (2006). The motivation to care: Application and extension of motivation theory to professional nursing work. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 20, 15-48.
Ployhart, R. E., Ryan, A. M., & Bennett, M. (1999). Explanations for selection decisions: Applicants’ reactions to informational and sensitivity features of explanations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 87–106.
Ratelle,  F., Guay, F.& Vallerand, Larose, J. and Sene´cal, C. (20007).  Autonomous, Controlled, and Amotivated Types of Academic Motivation: A Person-Oriented Analysis, Journal of Educational Psychology, 99, PP 734–746.
Schunk, D. (1991). Self-efficacy and academic motivation. Educationa Psychologist, 26, PP 207-231
Super, D. E. (1984). Career and life development. In D. Brown & L. Brooks (Eds.), Career choice and development (pp. 192–234). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Tinsley, H. E. A. (1992). Career decision makingand career indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 41, PP 209–211.
Urdan, T., & Karabenick, S. (2010). The Decade ahead: Theoritical perspectives on motivation and achievement.Emerald Books.
Vigonli, E. (2009). Inter-relationships among attachment to mother and father, self-esteem, and career indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75, PP 91–99.
Young, J. McCormick, J. (2011). Occupational Decision-Related Processes for Amotivated Press Adolescents: Confirmation of a Model. Journal of Career Development, 38(4) 275-292.
Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J. S. (2002). The development of competence beliefs, expectancies for success, and achievement values from childhood through adolescence. In: A. Wigfield & J. S. Eccles (Eds), Development of achievement motivation (pp. 91–120). San Diego, CA: Academic.
Zhou, W. (2006). Career success: From concept to practice. Shanghai: Fudan University Press.
Zunker,  V.  G.  (2006).  Career  counseling.  California:  Brooks/Cole  publishing company.