مطالعه‌ای اکتشافی درباره رابطه فراشناخت دینی با افسردگی و افکار خودکشی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان شناسی دانشگاه بیرجند

2 دانشیار گروه روان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران

3 دانشجوی روان شناسی شناختی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

چکید
اختلال افسردگی اساسی یکی از شایعترین اختلالات روانی است. افسردگی با ناامیدی ، درماندگی و خطاهای شناختی سازمان یافته در اندیشه همراه است. خودکشی یک مشکل عمده بهداشت عمومی است و میزان خودکشی در جوامع رو به افزایش است. به همین دلیل ، یافتن پیش بینی کننده و عوامل مؤثر در افسردگی بسیار مهم است. این تحقیق با هدف ارزیابی رابطه فراشناخت دینی با افسردگی و افکار خودکشی انجام شد. روش تحقیق همبستگی است و جامعه آماری پژوهش را دانشجویان دانشگاه بیرجند در سال 1398 تشکیل دادند. ۲۰۵ نفر به روش نمونه گیری خوشه ای تصادفی به-عنوان نمونه پژوهش انتخاب شدند. آنان پرسشنامه‌های فراشناخت دینی (سالاری فر ، 1398) ، افسردگی (بک و همکاران ، 1966) و افکار خودکشی (بک ، 1979) را تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندمتغیری گام به گام مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد، فراشناخت دینی با افسردگی و افکار خودکشی همبستگی منفی معنی‌داری دارد. ولی افسردگی با افکار خودکشی رابطه مثبت و معناداری دارد. نتایج رگرسیون نشان داد، مؤلفه های فراشناخت دینی 28٪ از واریانس افسردگی و 25٪ از واریانس افکار خودکشی را تبیین می‌کنند. مشخص شد که ممکن است مؤلفه‌های فراشناخت دینی به عنوان یک مکانیسم بازدارنده با افسردگی و افکار خودکشی عمل کنند. با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که با تقویت فراشناخت دینی ، میزان افسردگی و افکار خودکشی کاهش می یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Exploratory Study on The Relationship of Religious Metacognition with Depression and Suicidal thoughts

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hosien Salarifar 1
  • Mansour Salehi 2
  • Zinab Syarfard 3
1 Department of psychology, Faculty of educational and psychology, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran
2 Department of psychiatry,,, Mental Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 Department of psychology, faculty of education and psychology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Major depressive disorder is one of the most common mental disorders. Depression is associated with hopelessness, helplessness and organized cognitive errors in thought. Suicide is a major public health problem and Suicide rates are rising among societies. For this reason, finding the predictor and effective factors in depression is so important. This survey is to assess the relationship of religious metacognition with depression and suicidal thoughts. The research method of this study is a correlation. The study population consisted of students of The University of Birjand in the year 1398. The participants were selected via a random cluster sampling method (n=205). Participants completed the questionaries’ of religious metacognition (Salarifar, 1398), depression (Beck et al, 1966) and suicidal thoughts (Beck, 1979). The data were analyzed with the Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. The results showed, there was a significant negative correlation between depression and suicidal thoughts with religious metacognition, but depression has a positive and significant relationship with suicidal thoughts. The result of regression indicated that components of religious metacognition explained 28% of the variance of depression and 25% of the variance of the suicidal thoughts. It was found that may religious metacognition components can serve as an inhibitory mechanism with depression and suicidal thoughts. According to the results of this study, it may be concluded that with the boosting religious metacognition, the rate of depression and suicidal thought would be decreased.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: religious metacognition
  • Depression
  • suicidal thoughts
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