عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
This research was conducted to study the spiritual ontology of human from Rumi's perspective in Masnavi-I Ma'navi . Spirit as a human being regardless of his being can not be assumed. On the other hand, Masnavi-I Ma'navi can be called human spiritual ontology which is full of talks about human existance. Rumi is also an intellectual ontologist and holistic scientist who critisized about reduction approaches of human existence. The researcher through a library search and looking up in Masnavi-I Ma'nav'si using Jafari's Kashfo-al-abyat, extracted the related spiritual ontology verses and categorized them into five categories. In this study, Rumi's views on oneness , holism , death, dialectical awareness, dynamism, renovation and attraction as basis of human existence were discussed from psychological perspective. On study of Rumi's poems in "Parrot and Merchant" story and in six volumes of " Masnavi" the human being is introduced as a united whole who is constantly changing .Ontology is based on paradoxes and death is not the end but a change from one state to another. The acting force in life is attraction and is the force that leads us to we are and what we want. In Rumi's spiritual ontology oneness, holism, death, dialectical awareness, dynamism, renovation and attraction are all included. Looking to these basics from Psychological perspective, one can come up with foundations for native epistemology and ontology for psychology and mental health system based on original persian ñ Islamic sources.