مقایسه کمال گرایی، استحکام من، خشم و نشخوار خشم در بیماران مبتلا به اختلال افسردگی اساسی و وسواس فکری- عملی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد روان شناسی دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار روان شناسی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه کمال گرایی، استحکام من، خشم و نشخوار خشم در بیماران مبتلا به افسردگی اساسی و وسواس فکری- عملی انجام شد. تعداد 60 نفر (39 بیمار افسرده، 21 بیمار وسواسی) به مقیاس کمال گرایی چند بعدی تهران (TMPS)، مقیاس استحکام من (ESS)، مقیاس خشم چند بعدی تهران (TMAI) و مقیاس نشخوار خشم (ARS) پاسخ دادند. روش پژوهش علی- مقایسه ای و جامعه آماری تمام بیماران مبتلا به اختلال افسردگی اساسی و اختلال وسواس فکری- عملی مراجعه کننده به کلینیک های خصوصی شهر تهران بودند. برای تحلیل داده های پژوهش، از شاخص ها و روش های آماری مانند درصد، فراوانی، میانگین، انحراف استاندارد، تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری و آزمون t مستقل استفاده شد. یافته ها نشان داد که ابعاد کمال گرایی در اختلال افسردگی و وسواس فکری- عملی دارای تفاوت معنادار هستند؛ در بعد کمال گرایی خودمحور و دیگرمحور نمرات بیماران مبتلا به وسواس از بیماران افسرده بالاتر بود، در بعد کمال گرایی جامعه محور بیماران افسرده نمره بالاتری کسب نمودند. استحکام من دو گروه تفاوت معناداری نداشت. در خصوص خشم، نتایج حاکی از آن بود که خشم درونی بیماران مبتلا به افسردگی بالاتر از بیماران مبتلا به وسواس بود. نتایج همچنین نشان داد که نمره نشخوار خشم بیماران افسرده بیشتر از بیماران مبتلا به وسواس بود. بر اساس یافته های این پژوهش می توان همبودی دو اختلال افسردگی و وسواس فکری- عملی را بر اساس مبانی آسیب شناختی مشترک تبیین نمود؛ در عین حال، مبانی آسیب شناختی متفاوت تمایز دو اختلال را توجیه می کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of perfectionism, ego strength, anger, and anger rumination in individuals with major depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Besharat 1
  • Maryam Taheri 2
  • Masoud Gholamali LAvasani 3
1 University of Tehran
2 University of Tehran
3 University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

The main objective of the present study was to compare perfectionism, ego strength, anger, and anger rumination in individuals with major depression (MDD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Tehran Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (TMPS), Ego Strength Scale (ESS), Tehran Multidimensional Anger Inventory (TMAI), and Anger Rumination Scale (ARS) were completed by 60 patients (39 patients with major depression disorder, 21 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder). Method of the present descriptive study was causal-comparative and statistical society included all major depressive disordered and obsessive-compulsive disordered patients refering to private clinics in Tehran during the year 1394. Analysis of the data involved both descriptive and inferential statistics including means, standard deviations, correlation coefficient, MANOVA, and independent t-test. The results demonstrated that dimensions of perfectionism were different in MDD and OCD: while self-oriented perfectionism and other-oriented perfectionism were elevated in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder sample, socially-prescribed perfectionism was elevated in major depression disorder sample. The results revealed no difference between the two groups in ego strength. Ager-in was elevated in major depression disorder sample, and there was no significant difference in other dimensions among the two groups. The results indicated that individuals with MDD showed more level of anger rumination than individuals with OCD. According to the results of the present study it can be concluded that comorbidity of MDD and OCD can be clarified through the common bases of psychopathology, meanwhile different principals of psychopathology justify distinction between the two disorders.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • perfectionism
  • ego strength
  • anger
  • anger rumination
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